Understanding Google’s Algorithm: How Organic Ranking in Google Search Results Works and the Impact of Google Ads on Visibility

AdwordsDigital MarketingSEO

In the digital age, search engines have become the go-to resource for individuals and businesses seeking information, products, and services. Google, being the dominant player in the search engine market, drives a significant portion of web traffic.

For businesses and website owners, achieving high organic rankings on Google’s Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs) is a crucial goal. This article aims to demystify how Google’s algorithm determines organic rankings and shed light on how Google Ads, the advertising platform offered by Google, can impact organic visibility.

Google’s Algorithm and Its Purpose

Google’s algorithm is a complex set of mathematical formulas and rules that determines the relevance and ranking of web pages in response to a user’s search query. The primary purpose of the algorithm is to provide users with the most relevant and high-quality results for their search queries, ensuring a positive user experience. By understanding the algorithm’s key components, businesses can optimize their web pages to improve organic visibility in SERPs.

Google understands that if it gives visitors what they are looking for, then they will come back. When they come back then there’s a good chance they will interact with Google’s paid search services, which is how Google generates a large amount of their income.

Key Factors Influencing Organic Rankings

Google’s algorithm considers numerous factors when determining the organic ranking of web pages. While the exact formula remains a well-guarded secret, several key factors have been identified over the years through research and observations. It has been reported that there are over 200 signals that Google considers.

Some of these factors include:

  1. Content Quality and Relevance: High-quality, informative, and relevant content is paramount for ranking well in SERPs. Content that satisfies user intent and provides valuable insights tends to rank higher.
  2. Backlinks and Authority: The quantity and quality of external links pointing to a web page indicate its authority and credibility. Websites with authoritative backlinks often enjoy higher rankings.
  3. Page Load Speed: The loading speed of a web page influences user experience, and Google prioritizes fast-loading pages in its rankings.
  4. Mobile-Friendliness: With the growing prevalence of mobile searches, mobile-friendly pages receive a ranking boost to accommodate user preferences.
  5. User Experience Signals: Factors like click-through rates (CTR), bounce rates, and time on site contribute to assessing the user experience of a web page. The term Bounce Rates have changed in meaning over the last few years.
  6. Technical SEO: Proper technical optimization, including clean URLs, structured data, and well-optimized meta tags, impacts organic rankings.
  7. Secure HTTPS: Websites with secure HTTPS encryption are favoured by Google, as it prioritizes user data protection.
  8. Content Freshness: Regularly updated and fresh content indicates relevance and can boost rankings.

Google Ads and Its Impact on Organic Visibility

Google Ads, formerly known as Google AdWords, is the advertising platform offered by Google. It allows businesses to create and display paid ads in various formats, including search ads, display ads, video ads, and more. While Google Ads offers numerous benefits for businesses seeking to drive targeted traffic and increase visibility, it can also impact organic visibility in several ways.

  1. Paid Ad Placement: Google Ads occupy the top positions on SERPs and are often displayed above organic results. These premium positions draw user attention, reducing the visibility of organic listings below.
  2. Click-Through Rates (CTR): The presence of Google Ads can influence user behaviour. Users may click on paid ads rather than scrolling down to organic results, leading to lower organic CTRs. Some users may also decide to purposefully avoid clicking on adverts, but they numbers remain few.
  3. Bid Competition: In competitive industries, businesses may need to bid higher for relevant keywords in Google Ads auctions. This increased competition can drive up the cost per click and potentially limit ad budget for organic SEO efforts. Google’s algorithm changes daily and could disrupt years’ worth SEO activity overnight.
  4. Keyword Cannibalization: If businesses bid on the same keywords for both organic SEO and Google Ads, it can lead to keyword cannibalization. This occurs when organic and paid listings compete for the same search terms, potentially reducing the visibility of each other.
  5. Positive Impact on Organic Clicks: Some studies suggest that running Google Ads can lead to an increase in overall clicks for a business, including organic clicks. This may be attributed to increased brand visibility from paid advertising.

Striking a Balance: Organic SEO and Google Ads

While Google Ads can positively impact visibility, businesses must strike a balance between organic SEO and paid advertising to maximize results. Organic SEO provides long-term benefits and stability, while Google Ads offers immediate visibility and control over ad campaigns. By integrating both approaches, businesses can enjoy the advantages of each.

  1. Complementary Keyword Strategy: Instead of bidding on keywords that perform well organically, focus on targeting different keyword variations in Google Ads to capture a broader audience.
  2. Use Organic Insights for Ads: Data from organic SEO efforts can inform ad campaigns. Identify high-performing organic keywords and incorporate them into ad copy for improved relevance.
  3. Optimize Landing Pages: Ensure that landing pages for both organic and paid traffic are optimized for conversions to maximize the effectiveness of ad campaigns.
  4. Brand Building: Use Google Ads to reinforce brand visibility and recognition, which can positively impact organic click-through rates and user trust.
  5. Budget Allocation: Determine an appropriate budget allocation between organic SEO and Google Ads based on business goals, industry competition, and resource availability.

In Conclusion

Understanding how Google’s algorithm determines organic rankings is essential for businesses seeking to optimize their online visibility. Content quality, backlinks, user experience, and technical SEO are key factors influencing organic rankings. Google Ads, on the other hand, offers immediate visibility and control over ad campaigns but can impact organic visibility in various ways.

Striking a balance between organic SEO and Google Ads is vital for maximizing results. By integrating both approaches, businesses can enjoy the benefits of long-term stability from organic SEO and immediate visibility from paid advertising. With a well-rounded strategy, South African SMEs can thrive in the competitive digital landscape and connect with their target audience effectively.

Contact Cognite today for advice on how to approach your SEO and Google Ads marketing strategies.